International Journal of Anatomical Sciences 2011, 2(2): 22-25
Duplication of Great Saphenous Vein in South Indian Population
Udhaya K, Sarala Devi KV, Sridhar J, Melani Rajendran S.
Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Mission Kirupananda Variyar Medical College, Salem 636 308, Tamilnadu, India.
Department of Surgery, Vinayaka Mission Kirupananda Variyar Medical College and Hospital, Salem 636 308, Tamilnadu, India.
Department of Anatomy, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai 600 117, Tamilnadu, India
Key words : Great Saphenous vein, Duplication, Varicose veins.
Abstract: The great saphenous vein is the conduit of choice as a graft in coronary artery bypass arterial reconstruction and for valvuloplasty in medical and surgical practice. The great saphenous vein is also used for bypass obstructions in case of atheromatous occlusion of the femoral and coronary arteries. The duplication of great saphenous vein is a frequent cause of failure to achieve the expected results following primary ligation for the treatment of varicose veins. The current study was therefore focussed on duplication of great saphenous vein and its incidence in South Indian population. For this purpose a total sample of 70 adult specimens of both sides, 22 male and 13 female cadavers were used. The results were analysed by dissection method. For this, the incidence is used as parameter. Duplication was observed bilaterally in one cadaver with the incidence of 3% which correlates with western population. The results conclude that precise knowledge about normal anatomy of great saphenous vein with their variations becomes mandatory for a successful clinician. The study about this fact by our Indian authors was scarce. Hence an attempt was made in the present study to find out duplication of Great saphenous vein in South Indian population.